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"What is the goal of life and what should be the aim of existence?"


From time immemorial, the way of right living had been a serious question with all-thoughtful generations and, era after era, each generation found a convenient answer for itself to suit the conditions or circumstances and temperaments of the people. It is not an exclusive problem that is facing us today when we discuss in the press as well as on the platforms whether we are to be secular or spiritual. ' These words may be new to us; the problem may look like a new weapon forged at the anvil of our times. But the fundamental idea underlying them is eternal and is ever the same. This problem can be solved only when we have found out for ourselves an answer to the great question: "What is the goal of life and what should be the aim of existence?"

"Is life to be spent in walking the Path of Renunciation or in striving on the Path of Action?"


Is life to be spent in self-denial, renunciation, and soul-seeking, or is it to be a lifelong sincere struggle to serve ourselves and those around us for our material needs and physical happiness? Is life to be spent in Path of renunciation or on the path of action?

Yoga of Synthesis:-


Even this is not a new idea at all. Among the philosophical literature of Bharatham, we find that we had among our great thinkers, those who had advocated a synthesis of Karma and Jnana, and they were called the 'Samuccayavadins.' Even among these advocates of synthesis, there were three distinct groups: 1. Karma-Pradhana: - here some emphasis on Karma, 2. Jnana-Pradhana:- here others press on importance of Jnanam, 3. Sama-Pradhana:- still others who glorify a synthesis of equal doses of both action and knowledge.

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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : 2.1.1.g) -2.


The Scriptures :

1. The Srutis : g)-2

g ).The Vedangas-2.

Vyakarana is Sanskrit grammar. Panini’s books are most famous. Without knowledge of Vyakarana, you cannot understand the Vedas.

Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody.

Nirukta is philology or etymology.

Jyotisha is astronomy and astrology. It deals with the movements of the heavenly bodies, planets, etc., and their influence in human affairs.

Kalpa is the method of ritual.

The Srauta Sutras which explain the ritual of sacrifices belong to Kalpa.

The sulba Sutras, which treat of the measurements which are necessary for laying out the sacrificial areas, also belong to Kalpa.

The Grihya Sutras which concern domestic life, and the Dharma Sutras which deal with ethics, customs and laws, also belong to Kalpa.

Swami Sivananda
 To be continued  ....

All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-4.5.



5. Ethical Codes In Hinduism :

Hindu ethics is superb. Hinduism lays great emphasis on ethical discipline.

Yama (self-restraint) and Niyama (religious observances or canons) are the foundations of Yoga and Vedanta.

Undeveloped persons cannot think for themselves.

Hence rules of conduct have been laid down by great sages or seers like Manu and Sage Yajnavalkya.

Lord Krishna says in the Gita: “Let the scriptures be thy authority in determining what ought to be done or what ought not to be done.

Knowing what hath been declared by the ordinances of the scriptures, thou oughtest to work in this world” (Ch. XVI-24).

The Smritis written by Yajnavalkya, Manu and other sages distinctly prescribe the rules of conduct.

As you have not got the power nor the time to think of the moral principles and rules given in the scriptures, you can get them from the sages and saints and follow them to the very letter.

Swami Sivananda
To be continued ..

All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-3.15-4.3.


15. The Law of Spiritual Economics-4.2.

4. Use and Abuse of the Caste System -3.

At the present moment, the Varnasrama system exists in name only.

It has to be rebuilt properly.

Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras, who have fallen from their ideals and who are not doing their respective duties, must do their respective duties properly.

They must be educated on right lines.

They must raise themselves to their original lofty level.

The sectarian spirit must die.

They should develop a new understanding heart of love and devotion, with a spirit of co-operation, sacrifice and service.

Next : 5. The Four Asramas

Swami Sivananda
      To be continued...