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"A Discussion between Father and Son"


3. Ta iha vyaghro va simho ra vrko va varaho va kito va patango va damso
va masako va yad-yad-bhavanti, tadabhavanti.



If a tiger sleeps, when it gets up it is the same tiger only, not even another
tiger in the same species. If a mosquito sleeps, when it gets up it is the same
mosquito only. They do not become something else even though in sleep they
have no particular consciousness, having merged in the pure Being. Whatever
one's nature is, one reverts to that particular form of individuality in spite of the
fact that there has been a tentative contact in an unconscious manner with the
undistinguished Reality which is pure Being.
This pure Being is the Self of all. One may be conscious or not. That is a
different matter. But that is the Being behind all your activities, behind your
sleep, behind your birth and death, behind the whole process of universal
evolution. It is the Self that is caught into this activity in the form of birth,
death, incarnations, etc. This will not cease until everything is ultimately
resolved through enquiry and meditation into that Supreme Being, which is
called salvation. This is conscious entry into the Being, as against the
unconscious entry in deep sleep and death.


4. Sa ya esho 'nima aitadatmyam idam sarvam, tat satyam, sa atma, tattvam-
asi, svetaketo, iti; bhuya eva ma bhagavan, vijnapayatv-iti; tatha
saumya, iti hovacha.


“O Svetaketu, you are That,” instructs the father, Uddalaka. “Please
explain further,” says the boy. He is not satisfied. “I shall explain to you
further,” replies the father.



 Chandogya Upanishad : Chapter-2, Section-9, Mantram-3 & 4.


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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : 2.1.1.g) -2.


The Scriptures :

1. The Srutis : g)-2

g ).The Vedangas-2.

Vyakarana is Sanskrit grammar. Panini’s books are most famous. Without knowledge of Vyakarana, you cannot understand the Vedas.

Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody.

Nirukta is philology or etymology.

Jyotisha is astronomy and astrology. It deals with the movements of the heavenly bodies, planets, etc., and their influence in human affairs.

Kalpa is the method of ritual.

The Srauta Sutras which explain the ritual of sacrifices belong to Kalpa.

The sulba Sutras, which treat of the measurements which are necessary for laying out the sacrificial areas, also belong to Kalpa.

The Grihya Sutras which concern domestic life, and the Dharma Sutras which deal with ethics, customs and laws, also belong to Kalpa.

Swami Sivananda
 To be continued  ....

All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-4.5.



5. Ethical Codes In Hinduism :

Hindu ethics is superb. Hinduism lays great emphasis on ethical discipline.

Yama (self-restraint) and Niyama (religious observances or canons) are the foundations of Yoga and Vedanta.

Undeveloped persons cannot think for themselves.

Hence rules of conduct have been laid down by great sages or seers like Manu and Sage Yajnavalkya.

Lord Krishna says in the Gita: “Let the scriptures be thy authority in determining what ought to be done or what ought not to be done.

Knowing what hath been declared by the ordinances of the scriptures, thou oughtest to work in this world” (Ch. XVI-24).

The Smritis written by Yajnavalkya, Manu and other sages distinctly prescribe the rules of conduct.

As you have not got the power nor the time to think of the moral principles and rules given in the scriptures, you can get them from the sages and saints and follow them to the very letter.

Swami Sivananda
To be continued ..

All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-3.15-4.3.


15. The Law of Spiritual Economics-4.2.

4. Use and Abuse of the Caste System -3.

At the present moment, the Varnasrama system exists in name only.

It has to be rebuilt properly.

Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras, who have fallen from their ideals and who are not doing their respective duties, must do their respective duties properly.

They must be educated on right lines.

They must raise themselves to their original lofty level.

The sectarian spirit must die.

They should develop a new understanding heart of love and devotion, with a spirit of co-operation, sacrifice and service.

Next : 5. The Four Asramas

Swami Sivananda
      To be continued...