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"A Discussion between Father and Son"

2. Evam eva khalu, saumya, imah sarvah prajah sata agamya na viduh, sata
agacchamaha iti, ta iha vyaghro va simho va, vrko va, varaho va, kito va,
patango va, damso va, masako va, yad-yad-bhavanti tad-abhavanti.

3. Sa ya esho'anima etad-atmyam-idam sarvam tat satyam sa atma tattvam-
asi, svetaketo-iti, bhuya eva me bhagavan vijnapayatviti tatha somya
iti hovacha.

When they have gone there and come back, they do not know that they
have gone there and have come back from there. They have touched, entered,
practically become one with the Being in deep sleep, but they do not know that.
Their eyes have been blindfolded, as it were. When they come back, each one
says, “I am so-and-so”. That is all. They have no other consciousness—Sata
agamya na viduh sata agacchamaha iti. Whatever they were, animals or human
beings, that they become again. The particular species and the particular body
with which they entered into sleep or die, they wake up or are reborn into that
very species and body, because of the presence of the subtle body which has
not been destroyed through Perfect Knowledge. Therefore, after waking up
from deep sleep or after being reborn in another body they are not conscious of
having come from the Being.

“Now this is the Reality, this is the Being of all things, and you too are
that—Tat-tvam-asi, Svetaketu.” “Bhuya eva ma bhagavan vijnapayatviti—
explain further,” says the boy. “It does not appear that you have concluded the
instructions. There is something more. This is the life of all Beings. That you
call the Existence or the Being of things is also the Vitality in all. It is what is
called life. We say, there is life in this and there is no life in that. A tree has
life, but a stone has no life. What is meant by Life? Is it that Being has not
manifested Itself adequately in one thing, and It has manifested Itself in a
greater proportion in something else? It seems that there is a greater
manifestation of Reality in plants and the vegetable kingdom than in stones and
the mineral kingdom, for instance. Kindly explain this so that my doubts may
be cleared.”

Chandogya Upanishad : Chapter-2, Section-10, Mantram 2 & 3.

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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : 2.1.1.g) -2.


The Scriptures :

1. The Srutis : g)-2

g ).The Vedangas-2.

Vyakarana is Sanskrit grammar. Panini’s books are most famous. Without knowledge of Vyakarana, you cannot understand the Vedas.

Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody.

Nirukta is philology or etymology.

Jyotisha is astronomy and astrology. It deals with the movements of the heavenly bodies, planets, etc., and their influence in human affairs.

Kalpa is the method of ritual.

The Srauta Sutras which explain the ritual of sacrifices belong to Kalpa.

The sulba Sutras, which treat of the measurements which are necessary for laying out the sacrificial areas, also belong to Kalpa.

The Grihya Sutras which concern domestic life, and the Dharma Sutras which deal with ethics, customs and laws, also belong to Kalpa.

Swami Sivananda
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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-4.5.



5. Ethical Codes In Hinduism :

Hindu ethics is superb. Hinduism lays great emphasis on ethical discipline.

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Undeveloped persons cannot think for themselves.

Hence rules of conduct have been laid down by great sages or seers like Manu and Sage Yajnavalkya.

Lord Krishna says in the Gita: “Let the scriptures be thy authority in determining what ought to be done or what ought not to be done.

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The Smritis written by Yajnavalkya, Manu and other sages distinctly prescribe the rules of conduct.

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Swami Sivananda
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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-3.15-4.3.


15. The Law of Spiritual Economics-4.2.

4. Use and Abuse of the Caste System -3.

At the present moment, the Varnasrama system exists in name only.

It has to be rebuilt properly.

Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras, who have fallen from their ideals and who are not doing their respective duties, must do their respective duties properly.

They must be educated on right lines.

They must raise themselves to their original lofty level.

The sectarian spirit must die.

They should develop a new understanding heart of love and devotion, with a spirit of co-operation, sacrifice and service.

Next : 5. The Four Asramas

Swami Sivananda
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