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"A Discussion between Father and Son"



Illustration of a tree : (continued)


That particular branch which is divested or deprived of the life principle
becomes dry. It is lifeless. Another branch dries up, a third branch dries up,
finally the trunk dries up; the whole tree can dry up. If the life principle in the
tree leaves the body of the tree, the whole tree dries up. So what is it that is in
the tree which you call life? That is the Essence.


What we call death is the departing of life from a particular body. So death
is not the death of the life principle itself. Na jivo mriyata—life itself does not
die. The vitality is transferred from one location to another. It is withdrawn
from a particular formation. That is all. Life which is the manifestation of the
general principle, the pure Being, the Reality, is withdrawn from that particular
manifestation called the body. Then that particular form is said to die. It is
deprived of the essence, the life-force. So is the case with everything including
us. Know this. Evam eva khalu saumya viddhi.


This is only an example that I have given to you, my dear boy. From this
example, this analogy, you must understand everything that follows as an
implication. We are all like trees, human bodies endowed with the living
principle, and we shall die only when the life principle in us in withdrawn. This
Essence that is the Being is the Atman of all things. And everything in this
world, everything in this creation has this as the Self. There are not many
Selves. Though the bodies are many, forms are many, individuals are many, the
Self is only one. So, everything reverts into this Supreme Self from where it has
come and towards which it tends some way or other. “That you are,
Svetaketu—Tattvam-asi, Svetaketu,” says the teacher. “Please explain
further—Bhuya eva ma bhagavan vijnapayatv-iti,” asks the disciple. “Tatha
saumya itihovacha—well, I shall explain to you further,” replies the teacher. He
tells something very interesting about this unmanifested Being from which
manifested forms arise.

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3. Durga Puja or Navaratri :

1.The presiding Deity over Creation and Dissolution-6.

6. Besides the books representing Saraswathi, all instruments and implements like typewriters, printing machinery, etc., are also worshipped on the ninth day.

7. On the Vijaya Dasami day, all aspirants en masse are given initiation into various Mantras according to their tutelary Deities. Deserving aspirants are initiated into the holy order of Sannyas. Initiation in the study of the alphabets is given to young children, and to the old children also! New students commence their lessons in music, etc. During the morning Satsang the books which were worshipped on the ninth day are again worshipped and a chapter from each of the principal scriptures like the Gita, Upanishads, Brahma Sutras, Ramayana, and Srimad Bhagavatam is recited.

8. On the Vijaya Dasami day, there is Kanya Puja also. Nine girls below the age of ten are worshipped as the embodiment of the Divine Mother. They are fed sumptuously and, a…

All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : 2.1.1.g) -2.


The Scriptures :

1. The Srutis : g)-2

g ).The Vedangas-2.

Vyakarana is Sanskrit grammar. Panini’s books are most famous. Without knowledge of Vyakarana, you cannot understand the Vedas.

Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody.

Nirukta is philology or etymology.

Jyotisha is astronomy and astrology. It deals with the movements of the heavenly bodies, planets, etc., and their influence in human affairs.

Kalpa is the method of ritual.

The Srauta Sutras which explain the ritual of sacrifices belong to Kalpa.

The sulba Sutras, which treat of the measurements which are necessary for laying out the sacrificial areas, also belong to Kalpa.

The Grihya Sutras which concern domestic life, and the Dharma Sutras which deal with ethics, customs and laws, also belong to Kalpa.

Swami Sivananda
 To be continued  ....

All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-4.5.



5. Ethical Codes In Hinduism :

Hindu ethics is superb. Hinduism lays great emphasis on ethical discipline.

Yama (self-restraint) and Niyama (religious observances or canons) are the foundations of Yoga and Vedanta.

Undeveloped persons cannot think for themselves.

Hence rules of conduct have been laid down by great sages or seers like Manu and Sage Yajnavalkya.

Lord Krishna says in the Gita: “Let the scriptures be thy authority in determining what ought to be done or what ought not to be done.

Knowing what hath been declared by the ordinances of the scriptures, thou oughtest to work in this world” (Ch. XVI-24).

The Smritis written by Yajnavalkya, Manu and other sages distinctly prescribe the rules of conduct.

As you have not got the power nor the time to think of the moral principles and rules given in the scriptures, you can get them from the sages and saints and follow them to the very letter.

Swami Sivananda
To be continued ..