All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism :

    1.The Scriptures : 4.2
4. The Itihasas : The Friendly Treatises and the Commanding Treatises -2.

The common man cannot comprehend the high abstract philosophy of the Upanishads and the Brahma Sutras.
Hence, the compassionate sages Valmiki and Vyasa wrote the Itihasas for the benefit of common people.

The same philosophy is presented with analogies and parables in a tasteful form to the common run of mankind.
The two well-known Itihasas (histories) are the epics (Mahakavyas), Ramayana and Mahabharata.
They are two very popular and useful Sastras of the Hindus.
The Ramayana was written by the sage Valmiki, and the Mahabharata by Vyasa.

Next : The Ramayana
Swami Sivananda
    To be continued ...