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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : 2.1.11.



CHAPTER 2. HINDU SCRIPTURES : 1.11.1
     1.The Scriptures : 11
11. The Agamas

Another class of popular scriptures are the Agamas. The Agamas are theological treatises and practical manuals of divine worship.
The Agamas include the Tantras, Mantras and Yantras.

These are treatises explaining the external worship of God, in idols, temples, etc. All the Agamas treat of  (i) Jnana or Knowledge,  (ii) Yoga or Concentration,  (iii) Kriya or Esoteric Ritual and
(iv) Charya or Exoteric Worship.

They also give elaborate details about ontology and cosmology, liberation, devotion, meditation, philosophy of Mantras, mystic diagrams, charms and spells, temple-building, image-making, domestic observances, social rules, public festivals, etc.

The Agamas are divided into three sections: The Vaishnava, the Saiva and the Sakta. The three chief sects of Hinduism, viz., Vaishnavism, Saivism and Saktism, base their doctrines and dogmas on their respective Agamas.

The Vaishnava Agamas or Pancharatra Agamas glorify God as Vishnu. The Saiva Agamas glorify God as Siva and have given rise to an important school of philosophy known as Saiva-Siddhanta, which prevails in South India, particularly in the districts of Tirunelveli and Madurai. The Sakta Agamas or Tantras glorify God as the Mother of the Universe, under one of the many names of Devi.

The Agamas do not derive their authority from the Vedas, but are not antagonistic to them. They are all Vedic in spirit and character. That is the reason why they are regarded as authoritative.

Next : 1. The Vaishnava Agamas
Swami Sivananda
     To be continued....



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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : 2.1.1.g) -2.

CHAPTER 2. HINDU SCRIPTURES : 1.

The Scriptures :

1. The Srutis : g)-2

g ).The Vedangas-2.


Vyakarana is Sanskrit grammar. Panini’s books are most famous. Without knowledge of Vyakarana, you cannot understand the Vedas.

Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody.

Nirukta is philology or etymology.

Jyotisha is astronomy and astrology. It deals with the movements of the heavenly bodies, planets, etc., and their influence in human affairs.

Kalpa is the method of ritual.

The Srauta Sutras which explain the ritual of sacrifices belong to Kalpa.

The sulba Sutras, which treat of the measurements which are necessary for laying out the sacrificial areas, also belong to Kalpa.

The Grihya Sutras which concern domestic life, and the Dharma Sutras which deal with ethics, customs and laws, also belong to Kalpa.

Swami Sivananda
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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-4.5.

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CHAPTER - 4. HINDU ETHICS-5.

5. Ethical Codes In Hinduism :

5.1
Hindu ethics is superb. Hinduism lays great emphasis on ethical discipline.

Yama (self-restraint) and Niyama (religious observances or canons) are the foundations of Yoga and Vedanta.


5.2
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5.3
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All About Bharatiya Sanatana Dharmam otherwise known as Hinduism : Ch-3.15-4.3.

MEMBERS VERY IMPORTANT TATTVAM, READ CAREFULLY AND REMEMBER TILL YOUR LIFE ENDS."

CHAPTER- 3 :  HINDU DHARMA- 15.4.3.
15. The Law of Spiritual Economics-4.2.

4. Use and Abuse of the Caste System -3.

At the present moment, the Varnasrama system exists in name only.

It has to be rebuilt properly.

Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras, who have fallen from their ideals and who are not doing their respective duties, must do their respective duties properly.

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